A history of Thang Ta

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PHUNABA AMA

INTRODUCTION

Thang Ta is a traditional / indigenous martial art of India that makes use of fluid, rhythmic dance-like movements to strike with a offensive weapon called CHEIBEE and the defensive weapon called CHUNGOI , The graceful movements of a well-trained

Thang Ta performer are gentle and circular rather than straight and rigid, but can explode with enormous flexibility and strength. The wrist play as important a role as the hands. In spite of its gentle impression, Thang Ta  is an effective martial art highlighting a broad variety of offensive and defensive skills employing all available fighting methods. It also teaches consideration: a skilled Thang Ta   practitioner can rapidly dominate an opponent, but a true master knows how to make an opponent withdraw without incurring damage. As a part of seasonal farming-related traditions, Thang Ta  serves to facilitate community integration, and as a sport accessible to all plays a major role in promoting public health. Thang Ta  is also practised by a great number of people as a daily activity. There are thousands of recognized practitioners of Thang Ta  at present, and the World Thang Ta Federation  plays a significant role in the transmission and promotion of this traditional martial art.

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HISTORY

Thang-Ta is an unique traditional martial art and a martial education of India which is originated from Manipur a tiny state in north east India, that deals with the defence and offence with weapon and without weapon. The Manipuri’s used Thang-Ta martial art for defending their kingdom against the foreign invaders and used for hunting. Thang-Ta is not simply the ability to wield weapons, to fight with physical strength and skill alone. The art included much deeper spiritual exercise which enabled the martial man to cope with other forces beyond human knowledge and comprehension. Metal and psychic powers were also commanded by it. Half of its orientation was on physical strength, flexibility and skills in weaponry, unarmed combat and other practices, and the other half included deep spiritual control and exercise which were of the internal nature. Thang-Ta integrates the arts of Thang (sword), Ta (spear), Sharit-Sharak (unarmed combat), Sajen Kanglon (physical exercise), Thengouron (spiritual arts), Ningsha kanglon (breathing exercise), Layeng kanglon (natural medicinal education ), Hirikonba ( meditation ), and other vital arts of warfare. It was a compulsory subject in the military training while Manipur was a princely state.

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THANG-TA SPORT

1.INDIAN Olympic Games Demonstration:-  Vth National  Games 1999,   Imphal, Manipur

2.NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE , INDIA Recognition:- December 12, 2006, New Delhi, India

3.SCHOOL GAMES FED.INDIA Recognition:- May 2011 (Executive Committee & General Council Meeting Panaji, Goa, India

  1. Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Govt5.. of India:-

Recognition of Thang-Ta and No. F.9-6/2006 SP-I, Dated 1.11.2006;

  1. Ministry of CULTURE, Gov’t of India:-     Recognitionthang ta 4Thang-Ta sports  includes two major events :
    1. Phunaba Ama

    This is discipline is individual combat competition which is conducted by two contestants “Angangba” (Red corner) and “Higok” (Blue corner) on a circular shaped arena which is 30 ft. in diameter. Contestants are allowed to hit with Cheibee or Phunachei on any part of the body above belt and using Chungoi (shield) only for defence. Kicking is not allowed. One match consists of two rounds of two 3 minutes each for men and women with 1 minute rest. One central referee, six scorer, one time keeper and either one or two Chief Jury are assigned for one match.PHUNABA AMA

     

    2.Phunaba Anishuba

    This is discipline is individual combat competition which is conducted by two contestants “Angangba” (Red corner) and “Higok” (Blue corner) on a circular shaped arena which is 30 ft. in diameter. Contestants are allowed to hit with Cheibee or Phunachei and kicking on any part of the body above belt. Chungoi (Shield) is not used in this discipline. One match consists of two rounds of two 3 minutes each for men and women with 1 minute rest. One central referee, six scorer, one time keeper and either one or two Chief Jury are assigned for one match.PHUNABA ANISHUBA_2

    EQUIPMENT

    Length of Phunachei/Cheibee (Fighting Broken Cane Stick covered with Leather ) :

    For Senior Player –2.6 ft long

    For Junior Player–  2.3 ft. long
    For Sub-junior Player–  2.0 ft. Long

     Weight of the Phunachei/Cheibee :

    ( Made of Leather)

    For Senior player– 350 gram
    For Junior player– 300 gram
    For Sub-junior player–250 gram

    Shape & Size of Chungoi Shield:

    The top and bottom of the Phunachei must be dome shape and cylindrical. diameter of 12 to 13 inches. thang ta equip

    Some  other forms of Thang-Ta Sport

    1.TA KHOUSHABA

    2.THANG – HAIBA

    3.THANGLON

    4. THANGPAK YANNABA

  2. Thang-Haibathang ta 8Thanglon

    Events organised by

     World Thang Ta Federation

    Ist world Thang Ta championship were organised at Manipur , India 2011.

     

    2nd world Thang Ta championship will be held at Malaysia in February-2015.

    3rd world Thang Ta Championship already allotted to India once again in 2016.

    IST Open International Thang Ta Championship 2013 were organised at Chung-Ju- South Korea.

    2nd Open International Thang Ta Championship 2014 were again organised at Chung-Ju- South Korea.Thangpak Yannaba

    Events organised by Asian Thang Ta federation

     

    Ist Asian Thang Ta Championship 2012 at Kish Island, Islamic Republic of Iran

    2nd Asian Thang Ta Championship 2013 at Dhanbad- Jharkhand , India

    Ist Asian Youth Thang Ta Championship 2013 at Dhanbad- Jharkhand , India.

    Ist Asian Sub Junior Thang Ta Championship 2013 at Dhanbad- Jharkhand , India

    3rd Asian Thang Ta Championship was held at manipur India in 2014

    2nd Asian Youth Thang Ta Championship 2014 was held at Manipur, India

    2nd Asian Sub Junior Thang Ta Championship 2014 was at Manipur, India

    4th Asian Asian Thang Ta Championship 2015 will be held at Chung Ju, Korea

    3rd Asian Youth Thang Ta Championship 2015 will be held at Chung Ju, Korea

    3rd Asian Sub Junior Thang Ta Championship 2015 will be held at Chung Ju, Koreathang ta 5

    Events organised by South Asian Thang Ta Federation

    Ist South Asian Thang Ta Championship was organised in Kashmir, India in 2013

    2nd South Asian Thang Ta Championship will be held at kathmandu, Nepal from  11-13 December 2014.

    3rd South Asian Thang Ta Championship 2015 was alloted to Sri-Lanka

    ( dates & venue yet to confirm)

    Events organised by South East Asian Thang Ta Federation

    1st SEA Thang Ta Championship 2015 will be held at Singapore.

    ( dates & venue yet to confirm)

    Achievement by Thang Ta Federation of India

    22 times National Thang Ta Championship were held at different parts in India under the supervision of Thang Ta Federation of India

    31 active State / Union Territories Thang Ta Association are actively working for the promotion of Thang Ta across India

    3 times Federation Cup were organised by the Thang Ta Federation of India

    Around (30,000) Thirty Thousand players are duly registered with the Thang Ta Federation of India at the present. In which Twelve Thousand Girls and Women and Eighteen thousand boys and men are actively taking part in this sport in all three age groups i.e Sub -Junior- Junior- Senior’s.

    HEAD OF SPORT

    Thang-Ta is an entertained sport, a composite culture, a creative art, a Martial Science and Sport, a health program, a means of self-discipline and self- defence, and a way of modern life. Modern Thang-Ta sport comes to us from the fighting system of ancient Manipur war art “Huyen Lallong” or “Huyen Langlon” by the sincere efforts of

    Thanglon

    1. Thangpak Yannaba
    1. Premkumar Singh, Respected Grand Master, Huyen Langlon Thang-Ta Academy, Manipur. It is a refinement of the ancient martial art of “Huyen Lallong” or “Huyen Langlon”. H. Premkumar Singh, Respected Grand Master, Huyen Langlon Thang-Ta Academy, Manipur framed rules for the competition and tested and trailed successfully at various levels of competitions and refined the Thang-Ta sport in shape what we see today. Thang-Ta sports in its course of evolution has gained more and more refinement and popularity and many sports lovers in India and other countries were practiced and participated in the sports.
      1. Premkumar Singh

      Grand Master,premkumar singh

      President

      Asian Thang-Ta

      Federation

      “Sport has a unique and irreplaceable capacity to unite people, going far beyond ethnic, religious or social differences. We convinced that sport can be at the long-term service of peace”.

 

About The Author

Editor of XFSPORT magazine Editor of WMAC ONLINE magazine

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